All Medical colleges follow eligibility criteria described by their affiliated university for MBBS admission in India. However, in general terms the candidates seeking admission to a medical college should have passed Senior Secondary Examination of CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) or its equivalent with physics, chemistry, and Biology.
Admision to MBBS colleges in India is based on either merit or money. Generally, to get MBBS merit seat following are considered
- Marks obtained in the competitive examinations conducted at central or state level.
- Marks obtained in Senior Secondary Examination or Central Board of Secondary Education or its equivalent with Physics, Chemistry and Biology (or Botany and Zoology).
Colleges, Fees, Seats and Reservation
India(as on Oct,2014) has currently 398 medical colleges that trains 51,955 medical students as per registrations under Medical Council of India. Out of 398, 183 are government colleges and 215 are private colleges. 15% of all college seats are filled by central government and remaining seats are filled by state governments for government colleges. Fees for these government seats vary from 12,000 to 2,80,000 depending on the college, admission is sought. Based on the state where private colleges are located, 65% seats are filled by government and 35% seats are filled by private college management itself.
Government follows reservation system during counselling for allocating seats for MBBS and BDS. Distribution of reservation is shown in the below figure
Eligibility for Admission
Students who have passed 10+2 exam with physics, chemistry and biology(Zoology & Botany) are eligible for admission into MBBS course. Student must be an Indian National for admission through All India Entrance Exam or from the concerned state where he/she wants to take admission. Student should have completed 17 years as on 31st December of the year of admission.
Entrance examinations are conducted at central level, state level and at the university level for allocation of MBBS seats.
Central Level Entrance Examinations
AIIMS - All India Institute of Medical Science Entrance Exam
AIPMT - All India –Pre-Medical / Pre-Dental Entrance Exam
15% of the total seats in all medical and dental colleges in India except in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir are reserved for candidates who pass AIPMT examination. There are many other universities who conduct entrance tests to admit students such as JIPMER, CMC Vellore, etc.
State Level Entrance Examinations
Each state has different policy to allocate MBBS seats. Few states such as Maharastra, West Bengal, Karnataka, Kerala,etc conduct state level common entrance test (CET) to allocate MBBS seats, whereas states such as Tamilnadu do not conduct entrance test instead counselling is based on the marks obtained in 10+2 science subjects.
Difficulty Level - Entrance exams at university level and state level are considered to be easier compared to central level entrance examinations.
Earn or Buy MBBS Seat
Every private university and colleges can fill 40% of their seats under management quota for eligible students. Eligibility to get management quota seat is 50% for science subjects. This makes it easy for everybody who is wealthy to enter into MBBS through back door entry. India is the only country that authorizes, the sale of medical seats by private medical colleges under management quota. Capitation Fees for management seat in private colleges range from 50 lakhs to more than one crore.